About Electric Vehicles (EVs)
Electric Cars Come in Many Shapes, Sizes and Types
Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV). BEVs are vehicles that use only batteries as their source of energy to move a car. They typically have ranges of 100-200 miles between charges, but given the proper charging infrastructure effective daily ranges can be much larger.
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV). PHEVs are vehicles that use both batteries and fuel to move vehicles. They differ from conventional hybrids in that the batteries are bigger to store energy from being plugged in, and they can operate on electric power only for between 15 and 50 miles before switching over to using fuel (electric range depends on the vehicle). PHEVs are split into two categories:
- Vehicles like the Toyota Prius PHEV which are conventional hybrids with a bigger battery pack. This means they can use either an electric motor to drive the wheels, a combustion engine, or a combination of both—with both the combustion engine and the electric motor directly connected to the wheels. The Prius PHEV can go about 13 miles on battery power only.
- Vehicles like the Chevy Volt which only use their electric motors to drive the wheels and the combustion engine is basically just used as a generator, providing electricity to power the vehicle when the battery is drained. The Volt can go about 40 miles on battery power only.
Always feel free to contact Plug-In North Central Washington for more detailed information.